Authors: Adaptive Agent Team, Jakob Bauer, Kate Baumli, Satinder Baveja, Feryal Behbahani, Avishkar Bhoopchand, Nathalie Bradley-Schmieg, Michael Chang, Natalie Clay, Adrian Collister, Vibhavari Dasagi, Lucy Gonzalez, Karol Gregor, Edward Hughes, Sheleem Kashem, Maria Loks-Thompson, Hannah Openshaw, Jack Parker-Holder, Shreya Pathak, Nicolas Perez-Nieves, Nemanja Rakicevic, Tim Rocktäschel, Yannick Schroecker, Jakub Sygnowski, Karl Tuyls, Sarah York, Alexander Zacherl, Lei Zhang
Foundation models have shown impressive adaptation and scalability in supervised and self-supervised learning problems, but so far these successes have not fully translated to reinforcement learning (RL). In this work, we demonstrate that training an RL agent at scale leads to a general in-context learning algorithm that can adapt to open-ended novel embodied 3D problems as quickly as humans. In a vast space of held-out environment dynamics, our adaptive agent (AdA) displays on-the-fly hypothesis-driven exploration, efficient exploitation of acquired knowledge, and can successfully be prompted with first-person demonstrations. Adaptation emerges from three ingredients: (1) meta-reinforcement learning across a vast, smooth and diverse task distribution, (2) a policy parameterised as a large-scale attention-based memory architecture, and (3) an effective automated curriculum that prioritises tasks at the frontier of an agent’s capabilities. We demonstrate characteristic scaling laws with respect to network size, memory length, and richness of the training task distribution. We believe our results lay the foundation for increasingly general and adaptive RL agents that perform well across ever-larger open-ended domains.
Authors:Munan Ning, Donghuan Lu, Yujia Xie, Dongdong Chen, Dong Wei, Yefeng Zheng, Yonghong Tian, Shuicheng Yan, Li Yuan
Unsupervised domain adaption has been widely adopted in tasks with scarce annotated data. Unfortunately, mapping the target-domain distribution to the source-domain unconditionally may distort the essential structural information of the target-domain data, leading to inferior performance. To address this issue, we firstly propose to introduce active sample selection to assist domain adaptation regarding the semantic segmentation task. By innovatively adopting multiple anchors instead of a single centroid, both source and target domains can be better characterized as multimodal distributions, in which way more complementary and informative samples are selected from the target domain. With only a little workload to manually annotate these active samples, the distortion of the target-domain distribution can be effectively alleviated, achieving a large performance gain. In addition, a powerful semi-supervised domain adaptation strategy is proposed to alleviate the long-tail distribution problem and further improve the segmentation performance. Extensive experiments are conducted on public datasets, and the results demonstrate that the proposed approach outperforms state-of-the-art methods by large margins and achieves similar performance to the fully-supervised upperbound, i.e., 71.4% mIoU on GTA5 and 71.8% mIoU on SYNTHIA. The effectiveness of each component is also verified by thorough ablation studies.
PDF arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:2108.08012