2024-04-19 更新

ViLLM-Eval: A Comprehensive Evaluation Suite for Vietnamese Large Language Models

Authors:Trong-Hieu Nguyen, Anh-Cuong Le, Viet-Cuong Nguyen

The rapid advancement of large language models (LLMs) necessitates the development of new benchmarks to accurately assess their capabilities. To address this need for Vietnamese, this work aims to introduce ViLLM-Eval, the comprehensive evaluation suite designed to measure the advanced knowledge and reasoning abilities of foundation models within a Vietnamese context. ViLLM-Eval consists of multiple-choice questions and predict next word tasks spanning various difficulty levels and diverse disciplines, ranging from humanities to science and engineering. A thorough evaluation of the most advanced LLMs on ViLLM-Eval revealed that even the best performing models have significant room for improvement in understanding and responding to Vietnamese language tasks. ViLLM-Eval is believed to be instrumental in identifying key strengths and weaknesses of foundation models, ultimately promoting their development and enhancing their performance for Vietnamese users. This paper provides a thorough overview of ViLLM-Eval as part of the Vietnamese Large Language Model shared task, held within the 10th International Workshop on Vietnamese Language and Speech Processing (VLSP 2023).
PDF arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2305.08322 by other authors


Efficient High-Performance Bark-Scale Neural Network for Residual Echo and Noise Suppression

Authors:Ernst Seidel, Pejman Mowlaee, Tim Fingscheidt

In recent years, the introduction of neural networks (NNs) into the field of speech enhancement has brought significant improvements. However, many of the proposed methods are quite demanding in terms of computational complexity and memory footprint. For the application in dedicated communication devices, such as speakerphones, hands-free car systems, or smartphones, efficiency plays a major role along with performance. In this context, we present an efficient, high-performance hybrid joint acoustic echo control and noise suppression system, whereby our main contribution is the postfilter NN, performing both noise and residual echo suppression. The preservation of nearend speech is improved by a Bark-scale auditory filterbank for the NN postfilter. The proposed hybrid method is benchmarked with state-of-the-art methods and its effectiveness is demonstrated on the ICASSP 2023 AEC Challenge blind test set. We demonstrate that it offers high-quality nearend speech preservation during both double-talk and nearend speech conditions. At the same time, it is capable of efficient removal of echo leaks, achieving a comparable performance to already small state-of-the-art models such as the end-to-end DeepVQE-S, while requiring only around 10 % of its computational complexity. This makes it easily realtime implementable on a speakerphone device.
PDF accepted to ICASSP 2024; 5 pages, 3 figures


2024-04-19 更新

Anatomy of Industrial Scale Multilingual ASR

Authors:Francis McCann Ramirez, Luka Chkhetiani, Andrew Ehrenberg, Robert McHardy, Rami Botros, Yash Khare, Andrea Vanzo, Taufiquzzaman Peyash, Gabriel Oexle, Michael Liang, Ilya Sklyar, Enver Fakhan, Ahmed Etefy, Daniel McCrystal, Sam Flamini, Domenic Donato, Takuya Yoshioka

This paper describes AssemblyAI’s industrial-scale automatic speech recognition (ASR) system, designed to meet the requirements of large-scale, multilingual ASR serving various application needs. Our system leverages a diverse training dataset comprising unsupervised (12.5M hours), supervised (188k hours), and pseudo-labeled (1.6M hours) data across four languages. We provide a detailed description of our model architecture, consisting of a full-context 600M-parameter Conformer encoder pre-trained with BEST-RQ and an RNN-T decoder fine-tuned jointly with the encoder. Our extensive evaluation demonstrates competitive word error rates (WERs) against larger and more computationally expensive models, such as Whisper large and Canary-1B. Furthermore, our architectural choices yield several key advantages, including an improved code-switching capability, a 5x inference speedup compared to an optimized Whisper baseline, a 30% reduction in hallucination rate on speech data, and a 90% reduction in ambient noise compared to Whisper, along with significantly improved time-stamp accuracy. Throughout this work, we adopt a system-centric approach to analyzing various aspects of fully-fledged ASR models to gain practically relevant insights useful for real-world services operating at scale.


Multi-Task Multi-Modal Self-Supervised Learning for Facial Expression Recognition

Authors:Marah Halawa, Florian Blume, Pia Bideau, Martin Maier, Rasha Abdel Rahman, Olaf Hellwich

Human communication is multi-modal; e.g., face-to-face interaction involves auditory signals (speech) and visual signals (face movements and hand gestures). Hence, it is essential to exploit multiple modalities when designing machine learning-based facial expression recognition systems. In addition, given the ever-growing quantities of video data that capture human facial expressions, such systems should utilize raw unlabeled videos without requiring expensive annotations. Therefore, in this work, we employ a multitask multi-modal self-supervised learning method for facial expression recognition from in-the-wild video data. Our model combines three self-supervised objective functions: First, a multi-modal contrastive loss, that pulls diverse data modalities of the same video together in the representation space. Second, a multi-modal clustering loss that preserves the semantic structure of input data in the representation space. Finally, a multi-modal data reconstruction loss. We conduct a comprehensive study on this multimodal multi-task self-supervised learning method on three facial expression recognition benchmarks. To that end, we examine the performance of learning through different combinations of self-supervised tasks on the facial expression recognition downstream task. Our model ConCluGen outperforms several multi-modal self-supervised and fully supervised baselines on the CMU-MOSEI dataset. Our results generally show that multi-modal self-supervision tasks offer large performance gains for challenging tasks such as facial expression recognition, while also reducing the amount of manual annotations required. We release our pre-trained models as well as source code publicly
PDF The paper will appear in the CVPR 2024 workshops proceedings


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