2023-05-25 更新

Masked Collaborative Contrast for Weakly Supervised Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Fangwen Wu, Jingxuan He, Lechao Cheng, Yufei Yin, Yanbin Hao, Gang Huang

This study introduces an efficacious approach, Masked Collaborative Contrast (MCC), to emphasize semantic regions in weakly supervised semantic segmentation. MCC adroitly incorporates concepts from masked image modeling and contrastive learning to devise Transformer blocks that induce keys to contract towards semantically pertinent regions. Unlike prevalent techniques that directly eradicate patch regions in the input image when generating masks, we scrutinize the neighborhood relations of patch tokens by exploring masks considering keys on the affinity matrix. Moreover, we generate positive and negative samples in contrastive learning by utilizing the masked local output and contrasting it with the global output. Elaborate experiments on commonly employed datasets evidences that the proposed MCC mechanism effectively aligns global and local perspectives within the image, attaining impressive performance. The source code is available at \url{https://github.com/fwu11/MCC}.


MonoTDP: Twin Depth Perception for Monocular 3D Object Detection in Adverse Scenes

Authors:Xingyuan Li, Jingyuan Liu, Yixin Lei, Long Ma, Xin Fan, Risheng Liu

3D object detection plays a crucial role in numerous intelligent vision systems. Detection in the open world inevitably encounters various adverse scenes, such as dense fog, heavy rain, and low light conditions. Although existing efforts primarily focus on diversifying network architecture or training schemes, resulting in significant progress in 3D object detection, most of these learnable modules fail in adverse scenes, thereby hindering detection performance. To address this issue, this paper proposes a monocular 3D detection model designed to perceive twin depth in adverse scenes, termed MonoTDP, which effectively mitigates the degradation of detection performance in various harsh environments. Specifically, we first introduce an adaptive learning strategy to aid the model in handling uncontrollable weather conditions, significantly resisting degradation caused by various degrading factors. Then, to address the depth/content loss in adverse regions, we propose a novel twin depth perception module that simultaneously estimates scene and object depth, enabling the integration of scene-level features and object-level features. Additionally, we assemble a new adverse 3D object detection dataset encompassing a wide range of challenging scenes, including rainy, foggy, and low light weather conditions, with each type of scene containing 7,481 images. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method outperforms current state-of-the-art approaches by an average of 3.12% in terms of AP_R40 for car category across various adverse environments.
PDF 10 pages, 5 figures, 3 tables


Boosting Human-Object Interaction Detection with Text-to-Image Diffusion Model

Authors:Jie Yang, Bingliang Li, Fengyu Yang, Ailing Zeng, Lei Zhang, Ruimao Zhang

This paper investigates the problem of the current HOI detection methods and introduces DiffHOI, a novel HOI detection scheme grounded on a pre-trained text-image diffusion model, which enhances the detector’s performance via improved data diversity and HOI representation. We demonstrate that the internal representation space of a frozen text-to-image diffusion model is highly relevant to verb concepts and their corresponding context. Accordingly, we propose an adapter-style tuning method to extract the various semantic associated representation from a frozen diffusion model and CLIP model to enhance the human and object representations from the pre-trained detector, further reducing the ambiguity in interaction prediction. Moreover, to fill in the gaps of HOI datasets, we propose SynHOI, a class-balance, large-scale, and high-diversity synthetic dataset containing over 140K HOI images with fully triplet annotations. It is built using an automatic and scalable pipeline designed to scale up the generation of diverse and high-precision HOI-annotated data. SynHOI could effectively relieve the long-tail issue in existing datasets and facilitate learning interaction representations. Extensive experiments demonstrate that DiffHOI significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art in regular detection (i.e., 41.50 mAP) and zero-shot detection. Furthermore, SynHOI can improve the performance of model-agnostic and backbone-agnostic HOI detection, particularly exhibiting an outstanding 11.55% mAP improvement in rare classes.


A bioinspired three-stage model for camouflaged object detection

Authors:Tianyou Chen, Jin Xiao, Xiaoguang Hu, Guofeng Zhang, Shaojie Wang

Camouflaged objects are typically assimilated into their backgrounds and exhibit fuzzy boundaries. The complex environmental conditions and the high intrinsic similarity between camouflaged targets and their surroundings pose significant challenges in accurately locating and segmenting these objects in their entirety. While existing methods have demonstrated remarkable performance in various real-world scenarios, they still face limitations when confronted with difficult cases, such as small targets, thin structures, and indistinct boundaries. Drawing inspiration from human visual perception when observing images containing camouflaged objects, we propose a three-stage model that enables coarse-to-fine segmentation in a single iteration. Specifically, our model employs three decoders to sequentially process subsampled features, cropped features, and high-resolution original features. This proposed approach not only reduces computational overhead but also mitigates interference caused by background noise. Furthermore, considering the significance of multi-scale information, we have designed a multi-scale feature enhancement module that enlarges the receptive field while preserving detailed structural cues. Additionally, a boundary enhancement module has been developed to enhance performance by leveraging boundary information. Subsequently, a mask-guided fusion module is proposed to generate fine-grained results by integrating coarse prediction maps with high-resolution feature maps. Our network surpasses state-of-the-art CNN-based counterparts without unnecessary complexities. Upon acceptance of the paper, the source code will be made publicly available at https://github.com/clelouch/BTSNet.


Hi-ResNet: A High-Resolution Remote Sensing Network for Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Yuxia Chen, Pengcheng Fang, Jianhui Yu, Xiaoling Zhong, Xiaoming Zhang, Tianrui Li

High-resolution remote sensing (HRS) semantic segmentation extracts key objects from high-resolution coverage areas. However, objects of the same category within HRS images generally show significant differences in scale and shape across diverse geographical environments, making it difficult to fit the data distribution. Additionally, a complex background environment causes similar appearances of objects of different categories, which precipitates a substantial number of objects into misclassification as background. These issues make existing learning algorithms sub-optimal. In this work, we solve the above-mentioned problems by proposing a High-resolution remote sensing network (Hi-ResNet) with efficient network structure designs, which consists of a funnel module, a multi-branch module with stacks of information aggregation (IA) blocks, and a feature refinement module, sequentially, and Class-agnostic Edge Aware (CEA) loss. Specifically, we propose a funnel module to downsample, which reduces the computational cost, and extract high-resolution semantic information from the initial input image. Secondly, we downsample the processed feature images into multi-resolution branches incrementally to capture image features at different scales and apply IA blocks, which capture key latent information by leveraging attention mechanisms, for effective feature aggregation, distinguishing image features of the same class with variant scales and shapes. Finally, our feature refinement module integrate the CEA loss function, which disambiguates inter-class objects with similar shapes and increases the data distribution distance for correct predictions. With effective pre-training strategies, we demonstrated the superiority of Hi-ResNet over state-of-the-art methods on three HRS segmentation benchmarks.


Semantic Segmentation of Radar Detections using Convolutions on Point Clouds

Authors:Marco Braun, Alessandro Cennamo, Markus Schoeler, Kevin Kollek, Anton Kummert

For autonomous driving, radar sensors provide superior reliability regardless of weather conditions as well as a significantly high detection range. State-of-the-art algorithms for environment perception based on radar scans build up on deep neural network architectures that can be costly in terms of memory and computation. By processing radar scans as point clouds, however, an increase in efficiency can be achieved in this respect. While Convolutional Neural Networks show superior performance on pattern recognition of regular data formats like images, the concept of convolutions is not yet fully established in the domain of radar detections represented as point clouds. The main challenge in convolving point clouds lies in their irregular and unordered data format and the associated permutation variance. Therefore, we apply a deep-learning based method introduced by PointCNN that weights and permutes grouped radar detections allowing the resulting permutation invariant cluster to be convolved. In addition, we further adapt this algorithm to radar-specific properties through distance-dependent clustering and pre-processing of input point clouds. Finally, we show that our network outperforms state-of-the-art approaches that are based on PointNet++ on the task of semantic segmentation of radar point clouds.
PDF 5th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Control Technologies (AIACT 2021), 26-28 March 2021, Shanghai, China


Uncertainty-based Detection of Adversarial Attacks in Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Kira Maag, Asja Fischer

State-of-the-art deep neural networks have proven to be highly powerful in a broad range of tasks, including semantic image segmentation. However, these networks are vulnerable against adversarial attacks, i.e., non-perceptible perturbations added to the input image causing incorrect predictions, which is hazardous in safety-critical applications like automated driving. Adversarial examples and defense strategies are well studied for the image classification task, while there has been limited research in the context of semantic segmentation. First works however show that the segmentation outcome can be severely distorted by adversarial attacks. In this work, we introduce an uncertainty-based method for the detection of adversarial attacks in semantic segmentation. We observe that uncertainty as for example captured by the entropy of the output distribution behaves differently on clean and perturbed images using this property to distinguish between the two cases. Our method works in a light-weight and post-processing manner, i.e., we do not modify the model or need knowledge of the process used for generating adversarial examples. In a thorough empirical analysis, we demonstrate the ability of our approach to detect perturbed images across multiple types of adversarial attacks.


Semantic-Promoted Debiasing and Background Disambiguation for Zero-Shot Instance Segmentation

Authors:Shuting He, Henghui Ding, Wei Jiang

Zero-shot instance segmentation aims to detect and precisely segment objects of unseen categories without any training samples. Since the model is trained on seen categories, there is a strong bias that the model tends to classify all the objects into seen categories. Besides, there is a natural confusion between background and novel objects that have never shown up in training. These two challenges make novel objects hard to be raised in the final instance segmentation results. It is desired to rescue novel objects from background and dominated seen categories. To this end, we propose D$^2$Zero with Semantic-Promoted Debiasing and Background Disambiguation to enhance the performance of Zero-shot instance segmentation. Semantic-promoted debiasing utilizes inter-class semantic relationships to involve unseen categories in visual feature training and learns an input-conditional classifier to conduct dynamical classification based on the input image. Background disambiguation produces image-adaptive background representation to avoid mistaking novel objects for background. Extensive experiments show that we significantly outperform previous state-of-the-art methods by a large margin, e.g., 16.86% improvement on COCO. Project page: https://henghuiding.github.io/D2Zero/


VDD: Varied Drone Dataset for Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Wenxiao Cai, Ke Jin, Jinyan Hou, Cong Guo, Letian Wu, Wankou Yang

Semantic segmentation of drone images is critical to many aerial vision tasks as it provides essential semantic details that can compensate for the lack of depth information from monocular cameras. However, maintaining high accuracy of semantic segmentation models for drones requires diverse, large-scale, and high-resolution datasets, which are rare in the field of aerial image processing. Existing datasets are typically small and focus primarily on urban scenes, neglecting rural and industrial areas. Models trained on such datasets are not sufficiently equipped to handle the variety of inputs seen in drone imagery. In the VDD-Varied Drone Dataset, we offer a large-scale and densely labeled dataset comprising 400 high-resolution images that feature carefully chosen scenes, camera angles, and varied light and weather conditions. Furthermore, we have adapted existing drone datasets to conform to our annotation standards and integrated them with VDD to create a dataset 1.5 times the size of fine annotation of Cityscapes. We have developed a novel DeepLabT model, which combines CNN and Transformer backbones, to provide a reliable baseline for semantic segmentation in drone imagery. Our experiments indicate that DeepLabT performs admirably on VDD and other drone datasets. We expect that our dataset will generate considerable interest in drone image segmentation and serve as a foundation for other drone vision tasks. VDD is freely available on our website at https://vddvdd.com .


MIANet: Aggregating Unbiased Instance and General Information for Few-Shot Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Yong Yang, Qiong Chen, Yuan Feng, Tianlin Huang

Existing few-shot segmentation methods are based on the meta-learning strategy and extract instance knowledge from a support set and then apply the knowledge to segment target objects in a query set. However, the extracted knowledge is insufficient to cope with the variable intra-class differences since the knowledge is obtained from a few samples in the support set. To address the problem, we propose a multi-information aggregation network (MIANet) that effectively leverages the general knowledge, i.e., semantic word embeddings, and instance information for accurate segmentation. Specifically, in MIANet, a general information module (GIM) is proposed to extract a general class prototype from word embeddings as a supplement to instance information. To this end, we design a triplet loss that treats the general class prototype as an anchor and samples positive-negative pairs from local features in the support set. The calculated triplet loss can transfer semantic similarities among language identities from a word embedding space to a visual representation space. To alleviate the model biasing towards the seen training classes and to obtain multi-scale information, we then introduce a non-parametric hierarchical prior module (HPM) to generate unbiased instance-level information via calculating the pixel-level similarity between the support and query image features. Finally, an information fusion module (IFM) combines the general and instance information to make predictions for the query image. Extensive experiments on PASCAL-5i and COCO-20i show that MIANet yields superior performance and set a new state-of-the-art. Code is available at https://github.com/Aldrich2y/MIANet.
PDF Accepted to CVPR 2023


Learning Remote Sensing Object Detection with Single Point Supervision

Authors:Shitian He, Huanxin Zou, Yingqian Wang, Boyang Li, Xu Cao, Ning Jing

Pointly Supervised Object Detection (PSOD) has attracted considerable interests due to its lower labeling cost as compared to box-level supervised object detection. However, the complex scenes, densely packed and dynamic-scale objects in Remote Sensing (RS) images hinder the development of PSOD methods in RS field. In this paper, we make the first attempt to achieve RS object detection with single point supervision, and propose a PSOD framework tailored with RS images. Specifically, we design a point label upgrader (PLUG) to generate pseudo box labels from single point labels, and then use the pseudo boxes to supervise the optimization of existing detectors. Moreover, to handle the challenge of the densely packed objects in RS images, we propose a sparse feature guided semantic prediction module which can generate high-quality semantic maps by fully exploiting informative cues from sparse objects. Extensive ablation studies on the DOTA dataset have validated the effectiveness of our method. Our method can achieve significantly better performance as compared to state-of-the-art image-level and point-level supervised detection methods, and reduce the performance gap between PSOD and box-level supervised object detection. Code will be available at https://github.com/heshitian/PLUG.
PDF 13 pages, 11 figures


Streaming Object Detection on Fisheye Cameras for Automatic Parking

Authors:Yixiong Yan, Liangzhu Cheng, Yongxu Li, Xinjuan Tuo

Fisheye cameras are widely employed in automatic parking, and the video stream object detection (VSOD) of the fisheye camera is a fundamental perception function to ensure the safe operation of vehicles. In past research work, the difference between the output of the deep learning model and the actual situation at the current moment due to the existence of delay of the perception system is generally ignored. But the environment will inevitably change within the delay time which may cause a potential safety hazard. In this paper, we propose a real-time detection framework equipped with a dual-flow perception module (dynamic and static flows) that can predict the future and alleviate the time-lag problem. Meanwhile, we use a new scheme to evaluate latency and accuracy. The standard bounding box is unsuitable for the object in fisheye camera images due to the strong radial distortion of the fisheye camera and the primary detection objects of parking perception are vehicles and pedestrians, so we adopt the rotate bounding box and propose a new periodic angle loss function to regress the angle of the box, which is the simple and accurate representation method of objects. The instance segmentation ground truth is used to supervise the training. Experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach. Code is released at: https://gitee.com/hiyanyx/fisheye-streaming-perception.


Computer Vision for Construction Progress Monitoring: A Real-Time Object Detection Approach

Authors:Jiesheng Yang, Andreas Wilde, Karsten Menzel, Md Zubair Sheikh, Boris Kuznetsov

Construction progress monitoring (CPM) is essential for effective project management, ensuring on-time and on-budget delivery. Traditional CPM methods often rely on manual inspection and reporting, which are time-consuming and prone to errors. This paper proposes a novel approach for automated CPM using state-of-the-art object detection algorithms. The proposed method leverages e.g. YOLOv8’s real-time capabilities and high accuracy to identify and track construction elements within site images and videos. A dataset was created, consisting of various building elements and annotated with relevant objects for training and validation. The performance of the proposed approach was evaluated using standard metrics, such as precision, recall, and F1-score, demonstrating significant improvement over existing methods. The integration of Computer Vision into CPM provides stakeholders with reliable, efficient, and cost-effective means to monitor project progress, facilitating timely decision-making and ultimately contributing to the successful completion of construction projects.
PDF 15 Pages


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