Authors:Dongheon Lee, Jung-Woo Choi
In this study, we propose a dense frequency-time attentive network (DeFT-AN) for multichannel speech enhancement. DeFT-AN is a mask estimation network that predicts a complex spectral masking pattern for suppressing the noise and reverberation embedded in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) of an input signal. The proposed mask estimation network incorporates three different types of blocks for aggregating information in the spatial, spectral, and temporal dimensions. It utilizes a spectral transformer with a modified feed-forward network and a temporal conformer with sequential dilated convolutions. The use of dense blocks and transformers dedicated to the three different characteristics of audio signals enables more comprehensive denoising and dereverberation. The remarkable performance of DeFT-AN over state-of-the-art multichannel models is demonstrated based on two popular noisy and reverberant datasets in terms of various metrics for speech quality and intelligibility.
PDF 5 pages, 5 figures, 3 tables
Authors:Hong-Bo Xie, Caoyuan Li, Shuliang Wang, Richard Yi Da Xu, Kerrie Mengersen
Construction of dictionaries using nonnegative matrix factorisation (NMF) has extensive applications in signal processing and machine learning. With the advances in deep learning, training compact and robust dictionaries using deep neural networks, i.e., dictionaries of deep features, has been proposed. In this study, we propose a probabilistic generative model which employs a variational autoencoder (VAE) to perform nonnegative dictionary learning. In contrast to the existing VAE models, we cast the model under a statistical framework with latent variables obeying a Gamma distribution and design a new loss function to guarantee the nonnegative dictionaries. We adopt an acceptance-rejection sampling reparameterization trick to update the latent variables iteratively. We apply the dictionaries learned from VAE-NMF to two signal processing tasks, i.e., enhancement of speech and extraction of muscle synergies. Experimental results demonstrate that VAE-NMF performs better in learning the latent nonnegative dictionaries in comparison with state-of-the-art methods.
PDF 7 pages, 2 figures