2022-11-10 更新

Black-Box Attack against GAN-Generated Image Detector with Contrastive Perturbation

Authors:Zijie Lou, Gang Cao, Man Lin

Visually realistic GAN-generated facial images raise obvious concerns on potential misuse. Many effective forensic algorithms have been developed to detect such synthetic images in recent years. It is significant to assess the vulnerability of such forensic detectors against adversarial attacks. In this paper, we propose a new black-box attack method against GAN-generated image detectors. A novel contrastive learning strategy is adopted to train the encoder-decoder network based anti-forensic model under a contrastive loss function. GAN images and their simulated real counterparts are constructed as positive and negative samples, respectively. Leveraging on the trained attack model, imperceptible contrastive perturbation could be applied to input synthetic images for removing GAN fingerprint to some extent. As such, existing GAN-generated image detectors are expected to be deceived. Extensive experimental results verify that the proposed attack effectively reduces the accuracy of three state-of-the-art detectors on six popular GANs. High visual quality of the attacked images is also achieved. The source code will be available at https://github.com/ZXMMD/BAttGAND.


CLUDA : Contrastive Learning in Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for Semantic Segmentation

Authors:Midhun Vayyat, Jaswin Kasi, Anuraag Bhattacharya, Shuaib Ahmed, Rahul Tallamraju

In this work, we propose CLUDA, a simple, yet novel method for performing unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) for semantic segmentation by incorporating contrastive losses into a student-teacher learning paradigm, that makes use of pseudo-labels generated from the target domain by the teacher network. More specifically, we extract a multi-level fused-feature map from the encoder, and apply contrastive loss across different classes and different domains, via source-target mixing of images. We consistently improve performance on various feature encoder architectures and for different domain adaptation datasets in semantic segmentation. Furthermore, we introduce a learned-weighted contrastive loss to improve upon on a state-of-the-art multi-resolution training approach in UDA. We produce state-of-the-art results on GTA $\rightarrow$ Cityscapes (74.4 mIOU, +0.6) and Synthia $\rightarrow$ Cityscapes (67.2 mIOU, +1.4) datasets. CLUDA effectively demonstrates contrastive learning in UDA as a generic method, which can be easily integrated into any existing UDA for semantic segmentation tasks. Please refer to the supplementary material for the details on implementation.
PDF Contrastive learning


Adaptive Contrastive Learning on Multimodal Transformer for Review Helpfulness Predictions

Authors:Thong Nguyen, Xiaobao Wu, Anh-Tuan Luu, Cong-Duy Nguyen, Zhen Hai, Lidong Bing

Modern Review Helpfulness Prediction systems are dependent upon multiple modalities, typically texts and images. Unfortunately, those contemporary approaches pay scarce attention to polish representations of cross-modal relations and tend to suffer from inferior optimization. This might cause harm to model’s predictions in numerous cases. To overcome the aforementioned issues, we propose Multimodal Contrastive Learning for Multimodal Review Helpfulness Prediction (MRHP) problem, concentrating on mutual information between input modalities to explicitly elaborate cross-modal relations. In addition, we introduce Adaptive Weighting scheme for our contrastive learning approach in order to increase flexibility in optimization. Lastly, we propose Multimodal Interaction module to address the unalignment nature of multimodal data, thereby assisting the model in producing more reasonable multimodal representations. Experimental results show that our method outperforms prior baselines and achieves state-of-the-art results on two publicly available benchmark datasets for MRHP problem.
PDF Accepted to the main EMNLP 2022 conference


Contrastive Learning for Diverse Disentangled Foreground Generation

Authors:Yuheng Li, Yijun Li, Jingwan Lu, Eli Shechtman, Yong Jae Lee, Krishna Kumar Singh

We introduce a new method for diverse foreground generation with explicit control over various factors. Existing image inpainting based foreground generation methods often struggle to generate diverse results and rarely allow users to explicitly control specific factors of variation (e.g., varying the facial identity or expression for face inpainting results). We leverage contrastive learning with latent codes to generate diverse foreground results for the same masked input. Specifically, we define two sets of latent codes, where one controls a pre-defined factor (known''), and the other controls the remaining factors (unknown’’). The sampled latent codes from the two sets jointly bi-modulate the convolution kernels to guide the generator to synthesize diverse results. Experiments demonstrate the superiority of our method over state-of-the-arts in result diversity and generation controllability.


Camera Alignment and Weighted Contrastive Learning for Domain Adaptation in Video Person ReID

Authors:Djebril Mekhazni, Maximilien Dufau, Christian Desrosiers, Marco Pedersoli, Eric Granger

Systems for person re-identification (ReID) can achieve a high accuracy when trained on large fully-labeled image datasets. However, the domain shift typically associated with diverse operational capture conditions (e.g., camera viewpoints and lighting) may translate to a significant decline in performance. This paper focuses on unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) for video-based ReID - a relevant scenario that is less explored in the literature. In this scenario, the ReID model must adapt to a complex target domain defined by a network of diverse video cameras based on tracklet information. State-of-art methods cluster unlabeled target data, yet domain shifts across target cameras (sub-domains) can lead to poor initialization of clustering methods that propagates noise across epochs, thus preventing the ReID model to accurately associate samples of same identity. In this paper, an UDA method is introduced for video person ReID that leverages knowledge on video tracklets, and on the distribution of frames captured over target cameras to improve the performance of CNN backbones trained using pseudo-labels. Our method relies on an adversarial approach, where a camera-discriminator network is introduced to extract discriminant camera-independent representations, facilitating the subsequent clustering. In addition, a weighted contrastive loss is proposed to leverage the confidence of clusters, and mitigate the risk of incorrect identity associations. Experimental results obtained on three challenging video-based person ReID datasets - PRID2011, iLIDS-VID, and MARS - indicate that our proposed method can outperform related state-of-the-art methods. Our code is available at: \url{https://github.com/dmekhazni/CAWCL-ReID}
PDF IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision(WACV) 2023


Clinical Contrastive Learning for Biomarker Detection

Authors:Kiran Kokilepersaud, Mohit Prabhushankar, Ghassan AlRegib

This paper presents a novel positive and negative set selection strategy for contrastive learning of medical images based on labels that can be extracted from clinical data. In the medical field, there exists a variety of labels for data that serve different purposes at different stages of a diagnostic and treatment process. Clinical labels and biomarker labels are two examples. In general, clinical labels are easier to obtain in larger quantities because they are regularly collected during routine clinical care, while biomarker labels require expert analysis and interpretation to obtain. Within the field of ophthalmology, previous work has shown that clinical values exhibit correlations with biomarker structures that manifest within optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans. We exploit this relationship between clinical and biomarker data to improve performance for biomarker classification. This is accomplished by leveraging the larger amount of clinical data as pseudo-labels for our data without biomarker labels in order to choose positive and negative instances for training a backbone network with a supervised contrastive loss. In this way, a backbone network learns a representation space that aligns with the clinical data distribution available. Afterwards, we fine-tune the network trained in this manner with the smaller amount of biomarker labeled data with a cross-entropy loss in order to classify these key indicators of disease directly from OCT scans. Our method is shown to outperform state of the art self-supervised methods by as much as 5% in terms of accuracy on individual biomarker detection.
PDF arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2209.11195


Contrastive Weighted Learning for Near-Infrared Gaze Estimation

Authors:Adam Lee

Appearance-based gaze estimation has been very successful with the use of deep learning. Many following works improved domain generalization for gaze estimation. However, even though there has been much progress in domain generalization for gaze estimation, most of the recent work have been focused on cross-dataset performance — accounting for different distributions in illuminations, head pose, and lighting. Although improving gaze estimation in different distributions of RGB images is important, near-infrared image based gaze estimation is also critical for gaze estimation in dark settings. Also there are inherent limitations relying solely on supervised learning for regression tasks. This paper contributes to solving these problems and proposes GazeCWL, a novel framework for gaze estimation with near-infrared images using contrastive learning. This leverages adversarial attack techniques for data augmentation and a novel contrastive loss function specifically for regression tasks that effectively clusters the features of different samples in the latent space. Our model outperforms previous domain generalization models in infrared image based gaze estimation and outperforms the baseline by 45.6\% while improving the state-of-the-art by 8.6\%, we demonstrate the efficacy of our method.


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