I2I Translation

2023-05-26 更新

Scene Graph as Pivoting: Inference-time Image-free Unsupervised Multimodal Machine Translation with Visual Scene Hallucination

Authors:Hao Fei, Qian Liu, Meishan Zhang, Min Zhang, Tat-Seng Chua

In this work, we investigate a more realistic unsupervised multimodal machine translation (UMMT) setup, inference-time image-free UMMT, where the model is trained with source-text image pairs, and tested with only source-text inputs. First, we represent the input images and texts with the visual and language scene graphs (SG), where such fine-grained vision-language features ensure a holistic understanding of the semantics. To enable pure-text input during inference, we devise a visual scene hallucination mechanism that dynamically generates pseudo visual SG from the given textual SG. Several SG-pivoting based learning objectives are introduced for unsupervised translation training. On the benchmark Multi30K data, our SG-based method outperforms the best-performing baseline by significant BLEU scores on the task and setup, helping yield translations with better completeness, relevance and fluency without relying on paired images. Further in-depth analyses reveal how our model advances in the task setting.
PDF ACL 2023


Cross2StrA: Unpaired Cross-lingual Image Captioning with Cross-lingual Cross-modal Structure-pivoted Alignment

Authors:Shengqiong Wu, Hao Fei, Wei Ji, Tat-Seng Chua

Unpaired cross-lingual image captioning has long suffered from irrelevancy and disfluency issues, due to the inconsistencies of the semantic scene and syntax attributes during transfer. In this work, we propose to address the above problems by incorporating the scene graph (SG) structures and the syntactic constituency (SC) trees. Our captioner contains the semantic structure-guided image-to-pivot captioning and the syntactic structure-guided pivot-to-target translation, two of which are joined via pivot language. We then take the SG and SC structures as pivoting, performing cross-modal semantic structure alignment and cross-lingual syntactic structure alignment learning. We further introduce cross-lingual&cross-modal back-translation training to fully align the captioning and translation stages. Experiments on English-Chinese transfers show that our model shows great superiority in improving captioning relevancy and fluency.


Cross-supervised Dual Classifiers for Semi-supervised Medical Image Segmentation

Authors:Zhenxi Zhang, Ran Ran, Chunna Tian, Heng Zhou, Fan Yang, Xin Li, Zhicheng Jiao

Semi-supervised medical image segmentation offers a promising solution for large-scale medical image analysis by significantly reducing the annotation burden while achieving comparable performance. Employing this method exhibits a high degree of potential for optimizing the segmentation process and increasing its feasibility in clinical settings during translational investigations. Recently, cross-supervised training based on different co-training sub-networks has become a standard paradigm for this task. Still, the critical issues of sub-network disagreement and label-noise suppression require further attention and progress in cross-supervised training. This paper proposes a cross-supervised learning framework based on dual classifiers (DC-Net), including an evidential classifier and a vanilla classifier. The two classifiers exhibit complementary characteristics, enabling them to handle disagreement effectively and generate more robust and accurate pseudo-labels for unlabeled data. We also incorporate the uncertainty estimation from the evidential classifier into cross-supervised training to alleviate the negative effect of the error supervision signal. The extensive experiments on LA and Pancreas-CT dataset illustrate that DC-Net outperforms other state-of-the-art methods for semi-supervised segmentation. The code will be released soon.
PDF 13 pages, 4 figures, 5 tables. Code will come soon


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