Authors:Runji Lin, Ye Li, Xidong Feng, Zhaowei Zhang, Xian Hong Wu Fung, Haifeng Zhang, Jun Wang, Yali Du, Yaodong Yang
The pretrain-finetuning paradigm in large-scale sequence models has made significant progress in natural language processing and computer vision tasks. However, such a paradigm is still hindered by several challenges in Reinforcement Learning (RL), including the lack of self-supervised pretraining algorithms based on offline data and efficient fine-tuning/prompt-tuning over unseen downstream tasks. In this work, we explore how prompts can improve sequence modeling-based offline reinforcement learning (offline-RL) algorithms. Firstly, we propose prompt tuning for offline RL, where a context vector sequence is concatenated with the input to guide the conditional policy generation. As such, we can pretrain a model on the offline dataset with self-supervised loss and learn a prompt to guide the policy towards desired actions. Secondly, we extend our framework to Meta-RL settings and propose Contextual Meta Transformer (CMT); CMT leverages the context among different tasks as the prompt to improve generalization on unseen tasks. We conduct extensive experiments across three different offline-RL settings: offline single-agent RL on the D4RL dataset, offline Meta-RL on the MuJoCo benchmark, and offline MARL on the SMAC benchmark. Superior results validate the strong performance, and generality of our methods.
PDF Accepted by Foundation Models for Decision Making Workshop at Neural Information Processing Systems, 2022